Better support of fluid elements (like text containers) and more granular control over their behaviour would be amazing.
Let's hope it comes in a future release. Better Rulers And Guides Link Axure's canvas rulers have always been frustrating. They show random increments which change depending on how far you are zoomed in.
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State Cigarette Excise Taxes — United States, — Increasing the price of cigarettes reduces the demand for cigarettes, thereby reducing youth smoking initiation and cigarette consumption and decreasing the prevalence of cigarette use in the United States overall, particularly among youths and young adults 1,2. The most common way governments have increased the price of cigarettes is by increasing cigarette excise taxes 1,2 , which currently are imposed by all states and the District of Columbia 1.
To update data on state cigarette excise taxes in 3 , CDC conducted a survey of changes in state cigarette excise taxes during — Previous evidence indicates that further increases in cigarette excise taxes would be expected to result in further reductions in demand for cigarettes, decreasing smoking and associated morbidity and mortality 1,2.
Cigarettes and other tobacco products are taxed by federal, state, and local governments in various ways, including through excise taxes, which typically are levied per pack of 20 cigarettes 1. Cigarette excise tax rates are set by legislation; excise taxes usually are collected before the point of sale from manufacturers, distributors, or wholesalers and often are denoted by a tax stamp. State cigarette excise tax data for this report were obtained from CDC's State Tobacco Activities Tracking and Evaluation STATE system database, which contains tobacco-related epidemiologic and economic data and information on state tobacco-related legislation including the District of Columbia.
The STATE system contains information on state laws regarding excise taxes for cigarettes in effect since the fourth quarter of During , cigarette excise tax increases took effect in three states Connecticut, Hawaii, and Vermont.
Hawaii was the only state to increase its tax in both and In , California, Missouri, and North Dakota remained the only states that had not increased their state cigarette excise taxes since Reported by Michael A. Tynan, Gabbi R. Corresponding contributor: Michael A. Tynan, mtynan cdc. Editorial Note Because increasing the price of cigarettes is effective in reducing cigarette use and preventing initiation, the Surgeon General has concluded that increased cigarette taxes would lead to substantial long-term improvements in health 1.
The effectiveness of cigarette excise tax increases in reducing smoking-related death and disease can be increased when combined with other evidence-based interventions of a comprehensive tobacco control program, including smoke-free policies and media campaigns 2.
State cigarette excise taxes in major tobacco-growing states and bordering southeastern states remain substantially lower than state cigarette excise taxes in the rest of the United States. The major tobacco-growing states typically have higher smoking rates and do not have strong tobacco control policies and interventions in place.
For example, in addition to having lower excise taxes, no southern state has a comprehensive state smoke-free law that prohibits smoking in workplaces, restaurants, and bars 5. In addition to reducing smoking rates, cigarette excise tax increases have been shown to increase state revenue despite consumption declines, increases in the number of smokers quitting, and any increase in smuggling or tax avoidance 2,6.
However, in the months following the tax decrease, revenues from the excise tax declined in the state 8,9. The Institute of Medicine recommends that all states dedicate revenue by statute to fund tobacco prevention programs at the state-specific levels recommended by CDC 2,4. However, only one state South Carolina that increased its tax in or dedicated any revenue from its increase for tobacco prevention, even though such a move has been shown to produce a strong return on investment.
The findings in this report are subject to at least two limitations. First the STATE system tracks only state-level data and data from the District of Columbia and does not include information on local i.
Second, this report does not include information on price per pack of cigarettes, which can vary considerably, even among states with similar excise taxes, in part because of differences in manufacturer, wholesaler, and retailer pricing and discounting practices. A Healthy People objective TU If all states were to achieve the objective and dedicate a portion of cigarette excise tax revenue to fund comprehensive tobacco control programs at the state-specific levels recommended by CDC, previous evidence indicates that substantial decreases in smoking-attributable morbidity and health-care costs likely would occur 2,4, References CDC.
Reducing tobacco use: Atlanta, GA: Available at http: Accessed March 26, Institute of Medicine. Ending the tobacco problem: Washington, DC: The National Academies Press;